What is the difference between chips, semiconductors and integrated circuits?

What is a chip?

Chip, also known as microcircuit , microchip , integrated circuit (IC). Refers to a silicon chip containing an integrated circuit, which is small in size and is often part of a computer or other electronic equipment.

Chip (chip) is the general term for semiconductor component products. It is the carrier of integrated circuit (IC), which is divided into wafers.

A silicon chip is a very small piece of silicon containing integrated circuits. It is a part of a computer or other electronic equipment.

What is a semiconductor?

Semiconductor refers to a material whose conductivity is between a conductor and an insulator at room temperature. Semiconductors are widely used in radios, televisions and temperature measurement. For example, a diode is a device made of semiconductors. Semiconductor refers to a material whose conductivity can be controlled, ranging from insulators to conductors. Whether from the perspective of technology or economic development, the importance of semiconductors is huge. Most of today’s electronic products, such as computers, mobile phones, or digital tape recorders, have a very close connection with semiconductors. Common semiconductor materials include silicon, germanium, gallium arsenide, etc., and silicon is the most influential in commercial applications among various semiconductor materials.

Substances exist in various forms, solid, liquid, gas, plasma, etc. We usually call materials with poor conductivity, such as coal, artificial crystals, amber, and ceramics, as insulators. Metals with better conductivity, such as gold, silver, copper, iron, tin, aluminum, etc., are called conductors. You can simply call the material between the conductor and the insulator a semiconductor.

What is an integrated circuit?

Integrated circuit is a kind of miniature electronic device or component. A certain process is used to interconnect the transistors, resistors, capacitors, inductors and other components and wiring required in a circuit, fabricate on a small or several small semiconductor wafers or dielectric substrates, and then package them in a package , It has become a micro structure with the required circuit functions; all of the components have been structured as a whole, making electronic components a big step towards micro miniaturization, low power consumption, intelligence and high reliability. It is represented by the letter “IC” in the circuit. The inventors of integrated circuits are Jack Kilby (integrated circuits based on germanium (Ge)) and Robert Noyth (integrated circuits based on silicon (Si)). Most applications in the semiconductor industry today are silicon-based integrated circuits.

Is a new type of semiconductor device developed in the late 1950s and 1960s. It is through the semiconductor manufacturing processes of oxidation, photolithography, diffusion, epitaxy, and aluminum evaporation, the semiconductor, resistor, capacitor and other components required to form a circuit with a certain function and the connecting wires between them are all integrated into a small piece of silicon on-chip, then solder the electronic devices packaged in a package. Its packaging shell has many forms such as round shell type, flat type or dual in-line type. Integrated circuit technology includes chip manufacturing technology and design technology, mainly embodied in processing equipment, processing technology, packaging and testing, mass production and design innovation capabilities.

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